The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) recently issued a report estimating the size and demographic characteristics of the U.S. resident nonimmigrant population. The term resident nonimmigrant refers to foreigner nationals temporarily living in the United States, such as students and temporary workers.
Characteristics analyzed for the report included the admission category, i.e., the purpose of the temporary stay, the foreign national’s citizenship, age, gender, and U.S. state of destination.
Researchers derived the estimates from DHS records of nonimmigrant arrivals and departures for a 12-month period from July 1, 2010 through June 30, 2011.
The population size was estimated in three steps. First, researchers used a number of arrival and departure records to estimate the distribution of lengths of all nonimmigrant visits to the U.S. Next, the expected dates of residency were calculated using arrival records and the visit length distributions from the first step. Expected visit dates falling outside the 12-month period were not counted. Finally, the average daily population size was calculated by adding together the days of expected residence for all visits and dividing that number by 365.
The average daily number of nonimmigrant residents during the 12-month period was approximately 1.9 million. The largest admission category was temporary workers, making up 45 percent of the total, and students, at 38 percent. Exchange visitors accounted for 13 percent, and diplomats and other international representatives made up 5 percent.
Just under half of resident nonimmigrants were citizens of Asian nations, led by India (22 percent), China (9 percent), and South Korea (8 percent). North Americans made up 16 percent of visitors, and Europeans amounted to 14 percent.
Nonimmigrants from India and Mexico were more likely to be temporary workers, while those from China and Korea were disproportionately students.
California was the most popular destination state, accounting for 14 percent of the total. Next were New York (12 percent), Texas (8 percent), Florida (5 percent), and New Jersey (5 percent).
Indians were found to be more likely to go to New Jersey (11 percent), Koreans tended to go to California (21 percent), and disproportionately many Canadians resided in New York (17 percent).
One out of three nonimmigrant residents was under the age of 25, 40 percent were 25-34, and 27 percent were over age 35. Just over half were male, at 55 percent. Disproportionately many males came from India, Canada, and Mexico, while less than half of those from China and Korea were male.
Stewart Rabinowitz is President of Rabinowitz & Rabinowitz, P.C. Mr. Rabinowitz is Board Certified in Immigration and Nationality Law by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization. To contact a Dallas immigration lawyer or Dallas immigration attorney visit Rabinowitzrabinowitz.com